The rectangular shield known as the Scutum was adopted by Roman legions starting in about 400 BC. Before this they used round shields in Greek tradition but with changing tactics the larger rectangular shields were found to be superior. The large size of the shield allowed the legionnaires to form a "tustudo" or shield wall protecting them during an advance.
These traditional Roman Scuta are manufactured of painted linen or canvas covered hardwood with Classic Red and Yellow Roman Legion XIIII Design, and wood bracing on the back. Measures approx. 88 cm x 50cm with brass edging and octagonal brass boss.